The primary goal of the Center for Health Outcomes and Population Research (CHOPR) COBRE is to facilitate the development of American Indian (AI) and rural health research in South Dakota. This COBRE grant allows for the expansion of CHOPR, as well as building upon the history of the Collaborative Research Center for American Indian Health (CRCAIH) in promoting high quality community-based research in the region.
The level of health disparities in our region, particularly amongst the AI population, coupled with the remote nature of our rural communities, call for development of a community and population health research center with a focus on AI and rural populations. The Center will expand existing and establish new core services to enhance AI and rural population health research as well as provide for the development of junior investigators.
A focus on the mentorship of junior investigators vested in issues specific to rural and AI health leads to greater stability, sustainability, and growth of regional research infrastructure. CHOPR will work to strengthen the pipeline of researchers, particularly AI investigators, through the pipeline from undergraduate studies through post-graduate work.
Exploring Trajectories of Social-Emotional Risk and Resilience for Rural Youth
Project Lead: Emily Griese, PhD
- Specific Aim 1: Examine the parallel growth trajectories of peer victimization and protective factors likely amenable to intervention from late childhood to early adolescence among rural and AI youth
- Specific Aim 2: Explore the impact of classes of peer victimization and protective factors on early psychosocial and mental health outcomes for rural and AI youth.
CHOICES for AI Teens (CHAT): Prevention of Alcohol Exposed Pregnancies with American Indian Adolescents
Project Lead: Jessica Hanson, PhD
- Specific Aim 1: Utilize community input to revise and adapt the OST CHOICES Program curriculum for use with female AI adolescents aged 14-18
- Specific Aim 2: Pilot test the revised OST CHOICES curriculum with female AI adolescents at-risk for AEP, including utilizing technology-based follow-up data collection methods.
Exploring the Role of American Indian Undergraduates’ Social Networks
During the Transition to College
Project Lead: DenYelle Kenyon, PhD
- Specific Aim 1: Characterize AI college students’ social support networks via social network analysis
- Specific Aim 2: Examine how variations in AI college students’ social networks either reduce or exacerbate the risk for drop-out
Exploring Community-based Syndemic Contexts for Alcohol Exposed Pregnancies in Rural and American Indian Women
Project Lead: Arielle Deutsch, PhD
- Specific Aim 1: Utilize community based strategies to define and assess AEP risk within a community of Northern Plains AI women.
- Specific Aim 2: Examine how IPV, alcohol use, and risky sexual behavior contribute to AEP risk within contexts of age and culture.
- Sub Aim 2a: Examine how a longitudinal, reciprocal model of how alcohol misuse and IPV may relate to AEP risk.
- Sub Aim 2b: Determine barriers and contributors to AEP risk reduction within AI populations.
- Specific Aim 3: Develop a pilot systems dynamic model detailing the complex system underlying syndemic relations between IPV, alcohol misuse, unplanned pregnancy and AEP for rural AI women within a non-tribal community.
Collection Methods, Management and Analysis of Data (COMMAND) Core
Core Director: Jessica Hanson, PhD
Research Ethics and Dissemination (READ) Core
Core Director: Michaela Seiber, MPH
Projects are supported by an Institutional Development Award (IDeA) from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health under grant number P20GM121341.